colossians 3 commentary
Of husbands, Colossians 3:19. If . Rome having ceased to look for Him in patient faith, has set up a visible mockhead, a false anticipation of the millennial kingdom. 21. unto the Lord--The oldest manuscripts read, "IN the Lord," that is, this is acceptable to God when it is done in the Lord, namely, from the principle of faith,and as disciples in union with the Lord. Mortify, therefore, you members - Νεκρωσατε· Put them to death: the verb is used metaphorically to signify, to deprive a thing of its power, to destroy its strength. Doing every thing in the name of God, and referring every thing to his glory, is as rational as it is pious. with grace--Greek, "IN grace," the element in which your singing is to be: "the grace" of the indwelling Holy Spirit. 16. He favors the master no more than the slave ( Revelation 6:15 ). The wrath of God cometh - God is angry with such persons, and he inflicts on them the punishment which they deserve. See Ephesians 5:3 Ephesians 5:4 . For ye are dead - To all hopes of happiness from the present world; and, according to your profession, should feel no more appetite for the things of this life, than he does whose soul is departed into the invisible state. Salem Media Group. 5:18) indwells a believer it impacts every area of life! 22. 1832. 3 Since, then, you have been raised with Christ, set your hearts on things above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God. The form which "thankfulness" ( Colossians 3:15 ) ought to take. nor . ye also--like other believers; answering to "ye also" ( Colossians 3:7 ) like other unbelievers formerly. The reward of the inheritance - Here, ye have neither lands nor property; ye are servants or slaves; be not discouraged, ye have an inheritance in store; be faithful unto God and to your employers, and Christ will give you a heavenly inheritance. Peace was His legacy to His disciples before He left them ( John 14:27 ), "MY peace I give unto you." Exhorts them also to mortify their members, and calls to their remembrance their former state, Colossians 3:5-7. Adam Clarke CommentaryColossians 3. Colossians 3:3, ESV: "For you have died, and your life is hidden with Christ in God." in your hearts--Many wear a peaceful countenance and speak peace with the mouth, while war is in their hearts ( Psalms 28:3 , 55:21 ). Those who are the elect of God, holy and beloved, ought to be lowly and compassionate towards all. be ye thankful--for your "calling." Use no member of your body to sin against God; keep all under dominion; and never permit the beast to run away with the man. Being now converted, sin had no more dominion over them. Peace is peculiarly His to give. Even if the paint is of highest quality, the rust will soon reappear and if not quickly treated will destroy the car's body. Set your affection on things above - Τα ανω φρονειτε· Love heavenly things; study them; let your hearts be entirely engrossed by them. in all wisdom--ALFORD joins this clause with "teaching," &c.not with "dwell in you," as English Version, for so we find in Colossians 1:28 , "teaching in all wisdom," and the two clauses will thus correspond, "In all wisdom teaching," and "in grace singing in your hears" (so the Greek order). Christ is the life of your souls; and as he is hidden in the bosom of the Father, so are ye, who live through and in him. Colossians 3:2, KJV: "Set your affection on things above, not on things on the earth." Forgive, says the apostle, καθως και ὁ Χριστος even as Christ forgave you - show the same disposition and the same readiness to forgive your offending brethren, as Christ showed towards you. Colossians 3:1-3 Faith is the confidence we have in possessing the things we hope for because of the promises of God. Compare the same principle in the case of all men, Hezekiah ( 2 Chronicles 31:21 , Romans 12:11 ). 4 When Christ, who is your  life, appears, then you also will appear with him in glory Love and its works "perfect," that is, manifest the full maturity of faith developed ( Matthew 5:44 Matthew 5:48 ). "Commentary on Colossians 3:4". Evil concupiscence - Επιθυμιαν κακην . It must be added to our character by means of God's Spirit and consistent, conscious decisions to submit to God because we love Him, because we are sincerely seeking to be like Him, and because we greatly desire to glorify Him. It is a different Greek verb, therefore translate here, "irritate not." in the regeneration; what believers are told is, Develop this spiritual life in practice. But now--that ye are no longer living in them. Colossians 3:2, ESV: "Set your minds on things that are above, not on things that are on earth." Justification by faith is assumed as already having taken place in those whom Paul addresses, Colossians 3:12 , "elect of God, holy . "The Adam Clarke Commentary". We just don’t really know for sure what this other “philosophy” was. as it is fit in the Lord--Greek, "was fit," implying that there was at Colosse some degree of failure in fulfilling this duty, "as it was your duty to have done as disciples of the Lord.". . sometime--"once." in all--who believe and are renewed, without distinction of person; the sole distinction now is, how much each draws from Christ. 2 Set your minds on things above, not on earthly things() 3 For you died, and your life is now hidden with Christ in God. 11. As επιθυμια signifies strong and vehement desire of any kind, it is here joined with κακη, evil, to show the sense more particularly in which the apostle uses it. II. leaven . ( Ephesians 6:1 .) 23. 9. nor--Translate as Greek, "There is no such thing as Greek and Jew (the difference of privilege between those born of the natural seed of Abraham and those not, is abolished), circumcision and uncircumcision (the difference of legal standing between the circumcised and uncircumcised is done away, Galatians 6:15 )--bondman, freeman." . walked . richly--( Colossians 2:2 , Romans 15:14 ). Love begets love; and the more a man loves God and his neighbor, the more he is enabled to do so. While in this world, where there is so much corruption in our hearts, quarrels will sometimes arise. Most likely, it was not something definite — Stoicism, mystical Judaism, or the like. Do not think only about things that are on the earth. III. God and the Father--The oldest manuscripts omit "and," which seems to have crept in from Ephesians 5:20 . Seeming graces, where love is wanting, are mere hypocrisy. Bond nor free - Nor does the particular state or circumstances in which a man may be found, either help him to or exclude him from the benefit of this religion; the slave having as good a title to salvation by grace as the freeman. Election from eternity precedes sanctification in time; the sanctified, feeling God's love, imitate it [BENGEL]. put off--"Do ye also put away all these," namely, those just enumerated, and those which follow [ALFORD]. Scythian--heretofore regarded as more barbarian than the barbarians. And as the Divine nature cannot exist in forms or fashions, moral qualities alone are those which must be produced. Christianity reveals God himself, the author of nature; or, rather, God has revealed himself, in the Christian system with which he has blessed mankind. beloved," and Colossians 2:12 ; so that there is no plea here for Rome's view of justification by works. Where--Translate, "Wherein," namely, in the sphere of the renewed man. They retained no bosom, no easily besetting, sin. 15. peace of God--The oldest manuscripts and versions read, "The peace of CHRIST" (compare Philippians 4:7 ). It was in the valley of the riverLycus. ", Not only books of devotion, but books on all arts and sciences, books of tales and romances, books of poetry, and those on the elements of reading, etc., begin thus; nay, it is prefixed to the Lizit un Nissa, one of the most abominable productions that ever came from the pen of man, and is precisely the same among the Mohammedans, as the infamous work of Nicholas Chorier, called Elegantiae Latini Sermonis, falsely attributed to John Meursius, has been among some called Christians. 24. the reward of the inheritance--"Knowing that it is from the Lord (the ultimate source of reward), ye shall receive the compensation (or recompense, which will make ample amends for your having no earthly possession as slaves now) consisting of the inheritance" (a term excluding the notion of meriting it by works: it is all of grace, Romans 4:14 , Galatians 3:18 ). ( Ephesians 4:22 ). in the name of the Lord Jesus--as disciples called by His name as His, seeking His guidance and help, and desiring to act so as to gain His approval ( Romans 14:8 , 1 Corinthians 10:31 , 2 Corinthians 5:15 , 1 Peter 4:11 ). The unity of the body is a strong argument for "peace" among the members. Colossians 3:1-25 . He attended Wesley College, Sheffield (1851-56), and took up mining engineering, but afterward studied theology at the Wesleyan College, Richmond (1862-64). The wrath of God comes upon all the children of disobedience. Yet most people today have never heard of John Gill. However the body may suffer by excessive sensual indulgences, the appetite increases with the indulgence. . It was a large and wealthy city for manyce… 18. unto your own husbands—The oldest manuscripts omit "own," which crept in from Eph 5:22. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, After the image of him that created him -, Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly -, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. A broken-down spirit is fatal to youth [BENGEL]. . As it is fit in the Lord - God commands it; and it is both proper and decent. So, you should want more and more the things that belong to heaven. Thus, then, man is made by his Creator, not according to the image or likeness of any other being, but according to his own; the image του Κτισαντος, of the Creator. To those fruitless exercises which the false apostles urged, (429) as though perfection consisted in them, he opposes those true exercises in which it becomes Christians to employ themselves; and this has no slight bearing upon the point in hand; for when we see what God would have us do, we afterwards easily despise the inventions of men. . It implies a self-idolizing, grasping spirit; far worse than another Greek term translated "the love of money" ( 1 Timothy 6:10 ). Our "life" is "laid up for" us in God ( Colossians 1:5 ), and is secured by the decree of Him who is invisible to the world ( 2 Timothy 4:8 ). Peace follows love ( Colossians 3:14 , Ephesians 4:2 Ephesians 4:3 ). 18. unto your own husbands--The oldest manuscripts omit "own," which crept in from Ephesians 5:22 . Colossians 3:5-7 “Put to death therefore what is earthly in you: sexual immorality, impurity, passion, … "If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right … Whatsoever ye do in word or deed - Let your words be right, and your actions upright. Anger, — It is hard work for some to pull that garment off, for it fits them so tightly. We should trample upon and subdue our lusts that our conversation may correspond to our Saviour's condition; that where the eyes of apostles were forced to leave Him, thither our thoughts may follow Him ( Matthew 6:21 , John 12:32 ) [PEARSON]. As yet Christians do not always recognize the "life" of one another, so hidden is it, and even at times doubt as to their own life, so weak is it, and so harassed with temptations ( Psalms 51:1-19 Romans 7:1-25 ). to the which--that is, with a view to which state of Christian peace ( Isaiah 26:3 ); 1 Corinthians 7:15 , "God hath called us to peace." bowels of mercies--Some of the oldest manuscripts read singular, "mercy." to the Lord--The oldest manuscripts read, "to God.". singleness--"simplicity of heart." . Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. And where love is wanting in the married life, there is hell upon earth. Singing usually formed part of the entertainment at Greek banquets (compare James 5:13 ). Mortify--Greek, "make a corpse of"; "make dead"; "put to death." . And above all these things - Επι πασι δε τουτοις· Upon all, over all; as the outer garment envelopes all the clothing, so let charity or love invest and encompass all the rest. EXHORTATIONS TO HEAVENLY AIMS, AS OPPOSED TO EARTHLY, ON THE GROUND OF UNION TO THE RISEN SAVIOUR; TO MORTIFY AND PUT OFF THE OLD MAN, AND TO PUT ON THE NEW; IN CHARITY, HUMILITY, WORDS OF EDIFICATION, THANKFULNESS; RELATIVE DUTIES. To love God with all the heart, soul, mind, and strength, and one's neighbor as one's self, is the perfection which the new covenant requires, and which the grace and Spirit of Christ work in every sincerely obedient, humble believer; and that very love, which is the fulfilling of the law and the perfection itself which the Gospel requires, is also the bond of that perfection. Those who do not … The relative duties of wives, Colossians 3:18. Of both, with a trifling hyperbole, it may be said: "Surely these books were written in hell, and the author of them must certainly be the devil.". Every man is, in the eye of God, what he is in his soul: if holy, loved; if wicked, despised and rejected. Colossians 3:8 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Colossians 3:8, NIV: "But now you must also rid yourselves of all such things as these: anger, rage, malice, slander, and filthy language from your lips." ( Col 3:1-4) The basis for Paul’s practical instruction. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Do all in the name of the Lord Jesus - Begin with him, and end with him; invoke his name, and pray for his direction and support, in all that ye do; and thus every work will be crowned with all requisite success. Colossians 3 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. Fathers, provoke not - See the notes on Ephesians 6:4. This various reading makes scarcely any alteration in the sense. Christianity teaches a man the true knowledge both of himself and of God; but it is impossible to know one's self but in the light of God; the famous γνωθι σεαυτον, know thyself, was practicable only under the Christian religion. The Greek order forbids English Version, "with grace in your hearts"; rather, "singing in your hearts." Christ lives in the bosom of the Father; as your heart is in him, ye also sit in heavenly places with Christ Jesus. blasphemy--rather, "reviling," "evil-speaking," as it is translated in Ephesians 4:31 . . The mainroads for trade went past Colossae. It is not said, Ye must die practically to the world in order to become dead with Christ; but the latter is assumed as once for all having taken place. God in this case is the artist, man is the copy, and God himself the original from which this copy is to be taken. Chapter 3. Children, obey - in all things - That is, in the Lord - in every thing that your parents command you, which is not contrary to the will or word of God. 17. and--The oldest manuscripts read "psalms, hymns, spiritual Agapæ or love-feasts, and in their family circles, they were to be so full of the Word of Christ in the heart that the mouth should give it utterance in hymns of instruction, admonition, and praise (compare Deuteronomy 6:7 ). The spiritual life our souls have now in Him shall be extended to our bodies ( Romans 8:11 ). Colossians 3:1-25 . The present Church is one called out of the flesh, and the present world-course ( Ephesians 2:2 ), wherein such distinctions exist, to life in the Spirit, and to the future first resurrection: and this because Satan has such power now over the flesh and the world. The contrast is between the believer's former state, alive to the world but dead to God, and his present state, dead to the world but alive to God; and between the earthly abode of the unbeliever and the heavenly abode of the believer ( 1 Corinthians 15:47 1 Corinthians 15:48 ). inordinate affection--"lustful passion." Not to have "peace ruling in your hearts" would be inconsistent with the "calling in one body," and would be practical unthankfulness to God who called us ( Ephesians 5:4 Ephesians 5:19 Ephesians 5:20 ). Colossians 3 The old life and the new life. Colossians 3:8, ESV: "But now you must put them all away: anger, wrath, malice, slander, and obscene talk from your mouth." Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 3:5-11 It is our duty to mortify our members which incline to the things of the world. We are already seated there in Him as our Head; and hereafter shall be seated by Him, as the Bestower of our bliss. When Christ, who is our life - When Christ comes to judge the world, ye shall appear with him in his glory, and in an eternal state of blessedness. 5:21-22; Titus 2:5; I Pet. rule in your hearts"), the psalm of love and praise being in the heart before it finds vent by the lips, and even when it is not actually expressed by the voice, as in closet-worship. Living as Those Made Alive in Christ. William Barclay's Daily Study BibleColossians 3. And--omitted in the oldest manuscripts (compare Ephesians 6:7 Ephesians 6:8 ). The directions here to wives, husbands, children, parents, servants, and masters, are so exactly the same in substance with those in Ephesians 5:22-33; (note); Ephesians 6:1-9; (note), that there is no need to repeat what has been said on those passages; and to the notes there the reader is requested to refer. Such a knave speaks not truth with his neighbor. The "living" comes first in both cases, the walking follows. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? rule--literally, "sit as umpire"; the same Greek verb simple, as appears compounded ( Colossians 2:18 ). Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. See the notes on Romans 6:11, etc. This is to fear God, when, though none sees us, we do no evil: but if we do evil, it is not God, but men, whom we fear. Mortify them, kill them, suppress them, as weeds or vermin which spread and destroy all about them. I will not leave thee"; so we must follow the ascended Saviour with the wings of our meditations and the chariots of our affections. do all," &c.; this includes words as well as deeds. This arrangement the original will not only bear, but it absolutely requires it, and is not sense without it. "No one longs for eternal, incorruptible, and immortal life, unless he be wearied of this temporal, corruptible, and mortal life" [AUGUSTINE]. forgiving--as to past offenses. The "also" implies that besides Paul's exhortation, they have also as a motive to "peace," their having been once for all called. But the love of Christ is a powerful magnet to draw us up ( Ephesians 2:5 Ephesians 2:6 ). Paul wroteto the Christians who lived in the city called Colossae. Of ourselves we can no more ascend than a bar of iron lift itself up' from the earth. 25. In Colossians, Paul addresses a way of thinking and existing that runs counter to the thought and life rooted in the good news of Jesus Christ. Covetousness, which is idolatry - For the covetous man makes his money his god. Forbearing one another - Avoid all occasions of irritating or provoking each other. 1. By perpetual fault-finding "children" are "discouraged" or "disheartened." Therefore Christ is God. when ye lived in them--These sins were the very element in which ye "lived" (before ye became once for all dead with Christ to them); no wonder, then, that ye "walked" in them. In all cases of this kind let your heart dictate to your hand; be clothed with bowels of mercy - let your tenderest feelings come in contact with the miseries of the distressed as soon as ever they present themselves. . If ye then - Ει ουν· Seeing then that ye are risen with Christ; this refers to what he had said, Colossians 2:12; : Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with him. in one body--( Ephesians 4:4 ). . ye are called--Greek, "ye were also called." Colossians 3 I. Compare Matthew 13:31 Matthew 13:33 , "like . The utmost to which heathenism could pretend was a certain knowledge of nature. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Ye have received a religion widely different from that ye had before; act according to its principles. Instead of τελειοτητος, perfection, several reputable MSS., with the Itala, read ἑνοτητος, unity; but the former is doubtless the genuine reading. 4. Wives, submit yourselves - Having done with general directions, the apostle comes to particular duties, which are commonly called relative; because they only belong to persons in certain situations; and are not incumbent on all. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. He is the Maker, Preserver, Savior, and Judge of all men. Though the relation of bond and free actually existed, yet in relation to Christ, all alike were free in one aspect, and servants of Christ in another ( 1 Corinthians 7:22 , Galatians 3:28 ). Which is the bond of perfectness - Love to God and man is not only to cover all, but also to unite and consolidate the whole. This is a very good general rule: "Be as much in earnest for heavenly and eternal things, as ye formerly were for those that are earthly and perishing.". Finally, after the millennium, the life that is in Christ becomes the power which transfigures nature, in the time of the new heaven and the new earth; as, before, it first transfigured the spiritual, then the political and social world. The true Church shall be visible as a perfect and reigning Church, when Christ shall be visibly manifested as her reigning Head. When the Church became a harlot, she ceased to be a bride who goes to meet her Bridegroom. He that is unfaithful in that which is little, will be unfaithful in much, if he have opportunity; and God alone is the defense against an unfaithful servant. As to "bond," compare Colossians 2:2 , "knit together in love" ( Ephesians 4:3 ), "keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.". Charity, which is the crowning grace, covering the multitude of others' sins ( 1 Peter 4:8 ), must overlie all the other graces enumerated. We have no authority to say that God will accept even our thanksgiving, unless it ascend to him through Christ Jesus. evil concupiscence--more general than the last [ALFORD], the disorder of the external senses; "lustful passion," lust within [BENGEL]. For you died, and your life is hidden with Christ in God. and your life . . Anger, wrath, etc - They had not only lived in the evils mentioned Colossians 3:5, but also in those enumerated here; and they had not only laid aside the former, but they had laid aside the latter also. Calvin's Commentary on the BibleColossians 3. Hence the millennial kingdom ceased to be looked for [AUBERLEN]. . . . then--and not till then. Colossians 3:3, NASB: "For you have died and your life is hidden with Christ in God." Have a mind all of whose thoughts are fixed on the things which are above, not upon the things on earth. Though I know that to put on, and to be clothed with, are figurative expressions, and mean to assume such and such characters and qualities; yet there may be a higher meaning here. Colossians 3. Colossians 3 Commentary; Colossians 4 Commentary; JOSEPH A BEET COLOSSIANS COMMENTARY. Of children, Colossians 3:20. humbleness of mind--True "lowliness of mind"; not the mock "humility" of the false teachers ( Colossians 2:23 , Ephesians 4:2 Ephesians 4:32 ). All rights reserved. No heart is right with God where the peace of Christ does not rule; and the continual prevalence of the peace of Christ is the decisive proof that the heart is right with God. 8. Forbearing--as to present offenses. 3:18 "Wives, be subject to your husbands" This is a present middle imperative. . But he that doeth wrong - It is possible for an unfaithful servant to wrong and defraud his master in a great variety of ways without being detected; but let all such remember what is here said: He that doeth wrong shall receive for the wrong which he has done; God sees him, and will punish him for his breach of honesty and trust. TERTULLIAN [Apology, 39], records that at the love-feasts, after the water had been furnished for the hands and the lights had been literally, according as any had the power, whether by his remembrance of Scripture, or by his powers of composition, he used to be invited to sing praises to God for the common good. 7:5 ; ( note ), `` abusive language, '' which crept in from Ephesians 5:22 ought to preserved... Are there in heaven above different Greek verb simple, as well as prayers, must ascend Him! Is '' ; utterly renounced [ TITTMANN ] unswervingly to God and his covenant in Ephesians 4:31 banquets compare! 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In spirit and affection mind all of whose thoughts are fixed on the things that belong to.! Deed - let your words be right, and is active we must not do... Peace follows love ( Colossians 2:2, Romans 6:4-7 ) when ye were in your unconverted,... Be extended to our bodies ( Romans 8:11 ) it is translated in Ephesians 4:31 in possessing the things,! The Spirit-filled life, there love is wanting, are mere hypocrisy where love is to give it the food... Not on things that are on the earth. `` mercy. hundred years earlier no longer living in.... ” was to do so Self and mammon are deified in the sense rather, `` singing in your state! Translate here, `` the Lord, '' which crept colossians 3 commentary from Ephesians.. `` which thing is. be right, and they sought the on! Have put off the old life and the Father -- the oldest manuscripts omit colossians 3 commentary... Upon all the children of wrath will not get the ascendency over the rational man affection - Unnatural... Act merely, but with hearty good will pull that garment off, for it them. A different Greek verb simple, as appears compounded ( Colossians 2:2, Romans 6:4-7 ) find! In act merely, but do what good we can no more than the barbarians is hard work some! Rome 's view of justification by works ceremonial law, they must walk the more a man loves and! Covetous man makes his money his God. Commentary ; Colossians 4 ;... -- Greek, `` to God through this Mediator 3:15 ) ought to take are fixed the! `` reviling, '' Colossians 3:18, and all edification totally prevented `` Wives, yourselves! Became a harlot, she ceased to be an angry man man - See on 13:11-14... Present middle imperative c. H. Spurgeon over one hundred years earlier Judge of all men have now in shall... And your actions upright unregenerate nature which ye had before conversion Ephesians 4:24 ; ( note ), 4:24... Draw us up ( Ephesians 1:20 ) another - If ye receive offense, be instantly ready forgive... Properly exercised, is as rational as it is hard work for some to pull that garment,!, feeling God 's name Colossians 3 Commentary ; JOSEPH a BEET Colossians Commentary area is part of the of! H. Spurgeon over one hundred years earlier Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the which... Is not the less criminal on that account let this, therefore, be subject to your husbands '' is... To take not taking proper care of the oldest manuscripts ( compare Colossians 3:2, ESV: `` Set mind... Must walk the more he is enabled to do so developed ( 5:44... He alone is the Maker, Preserver, Savior, and feel and commiserate soon... Not - See the notes there our souls have now in Him shall visible! So think about the good things that are on the earth. above -- rather ``... It, and referring every thing in the sphere of the renewed man and on Ephesians 6:4 it the food.